Over the past decade, Sub-Saharan Africa’s impressive economic performance has resulted in marginal poverty reduction, with the proportion of people living on less than US$ 1.25 a day decreasing from 56.5 percent in 1990 to 47.5 percent in 2008.
Archive for the ‘Black Poverty’ Category
The lack of water is an often insurmountable obstacle to helping oneself. You can’t grow food, you can’t build housing, you can’t stay healthy, you can’t stay in school and you can’t keep working.
Without clean water, the possibility of breaking out of the cycle of poverty is incredibly slim.
President Barack Obama hosts the leaders of four African nations this week, all of which are cited in a new report for effectively increasing spending on agriculture to combat extreme poverty and hunger.
The report by the ONE Campaign, an anti-poverty group co-founded by Irish rockers Bono and Bob Geldof, said Senegal, Malawi, Cape Verde and Sierra Leone either met or were close to meeting targets for increased budget spending on agriculture.
Fast-paced African countries may have growth rates that are the envy of developed economies, but the continent’s boom has failed in recent years to significantly dent poverty levels, economists say.
Sub-Saharan Africa is set to grow by 5.6 percent this year, according to latest figures from the International Monetary Fund (IMF), with 18 countries hitting at least six percent.
Relative poverty is a term used on the news to mean people who have less money than those living around them. This term is generally used when talking, for example about “UK child poverty”. (Politicians even argue about whether such differences in wealth are a good or bad thing.)
Absolute poverty is different. Some people are much poorer. For them, a whole week’s income is less than the amount someone in the UK, on the legal minimum wage, earns in an hour (£5.93).
The UN Food and Agriculture Organization estimates that 239 million people in sub-Saharan Africa were hungry/undernourished in 2010 (its most recent estimate). 925 million people were hungry worldwide. Africa was the continent with the second largest number of hungry people, as Asia and the Pacific had 578 million, principally due to the much larger population of Asia when compared to sub-Saharan Africa. Sub-Saharan Africa actually had the largest proportion of its population undernourished, an estimated 30 percent in 2010, compared to 16 percent in Asia and the Pacific (FAO 2010). Thus almost one in three people who live in sub-Saharan Africa were hungry, far higher than any other region of the world, with the exception of South Asia.
There are no easy solutions in Guatamala. The majority of the country’s indigenous population lives in poverty and oppression. The conditions for human rights and a society ruled by law are poor.
On January 12th 2010 Haiti was struck by a catastrophic earthquake. The magnitude of the quake measured 7.0 on the Richter Scale, and it killed more than 200.000 people and left 300.000 wounded.
Two million people lost their homes, and many of them continue to live in temporary camps.
Malawi is one of the poorest countries in Africa with a short democratic history. The country has struggled against corruption and political violence while hunger and AIDS has impoverished the country’s population.
Despite some steps that Ethiopia has been taking towards economic development, the country is one of the poorest countries in the world. The poor live in the rural areas and make a living by primitive small-scale farming or as pastoral people. The small-scale agriculture provides livelihoods for over 80% of the total population, which is estimated to be 84 million.